Lot 76 of 196:
Kiowa Ledger Book with paintings  

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Lot closed - unsold
$15,000 - $20,000

WITHDRAWN - Kiowa "Ledger Book" with original watercolor drawings, from Indian Territory


Shawneee, Oklahoma Territory


Late 19th century


33 leaves, with watercolor and gouache paintings on one or both sides - on the front endpapers is a watercolor map of Oklahoma Territory and a montage of clippings from advertisements relating to Shawnee and Tecumseh. 10.5x14.5 cm. (4¼x5¾"), celluloid wood-grain front cover with color pictorial celluloid onlay, cloth (i.e. velvet) spine and rear cover.

Rare original Native American drawing book, generically refered to as a ledger book on occasion, from the Kiowa tribe, in Oklahoma Territory at the end of the 19th century. The book itself was a commercially available autograph or sketch book used by the artist. The contents comprise some 56 watercolor and gouache paintings, as well as a few penciled words in English  on various pages (A Drawing Book; Kiowa; Oklahoma; Shawnee, O.T.; and Peyote). A number of the paintings relate to Peyotism and the Peyote Ceremony, including: a peyote cactus "button"; a ceremonial peyote feather fan and gourde rattle; a medicine man; a peyote bird; and peyote lodge teepees. Peyote was introduced in the early 1880s to the Kiowas of Oklahoma, and this seems one of the earliest know examples of a Kiowa ledger book referring to their practice of Peyotism. Among the other highlights of the ledger book are five portraits of Native Americans; nine paintings of animals including horses, buffalo and birds; moccasins; garments, U.S. Army wagons; American flags; shields, peace pipes; a war bonnet, crescent moons and stars; etc. A rare and significant Naive American ledger book, produced at a time of transition for American Indians and for the American nation as a whole. Provenance: Purchased by the present owner from a collector of Native Americana, who acquired it in the 1960s from a Montana collection where it had resided since the 1930s.

Lot Amendments
The description of the physical ledger or drawing book itself has been slightly altered (see the online catalogue listing). Also added: “Provenance: Purchased by the present owner from a collector of Native Americana, who acquired it in the 1960s from a Montana collection where it had resided since the 1930s.”

Very good or better condition.

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