Lot 465 of 541:
Mitchell's 1846 map of Texas, California & Oregon  

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Lot closed - unsold
$10,000 - $15,000

A New Map of Texas, Oregon and California, with the Regions Adjoining. Compiled from the Most Recent Authorities

Mitchell, Samuel Augustus


S. Augustus Mitchell



Engraved pocket map, hand-colored. 53x48.7 cm. (20¾x19¼") plus decorative border, issued folding, now matted and framed under plexiglass; original blindstamped leather covers present, measuring 13.5x8.2 cm (5¼x3¼"), along with 46 pp. text.

Rare first edition of this important map of the West at a time of geographic discovery as well as political upheaval and change. The map is issued with the "Accompaniment to Mitchell's New Map of Texas, Oregon, and California, with the Regions Adjoining." As noted in the Accompaniment, Texas has recently been annexed into the United States, and California is in limbo, "Upper California. This part of Mexico was declared independent in 1845. It has of late attracted much attention in the United States; a number of Americans are already settled in it, and many others are preparing to emigrate thither..." Regarding Oregon, the Accompaniment declares that "the United States have an indubitable claim to the whole region of Oregon, from N. lat 42º to 54º 40', yet the government has several times proposed, from motives of accommodation, to adopt the 49th parallel of latitude as the dividing line..." The proposed boundary line along the 49th parallel is shown on the map, though the coloring of Oregon still reflects joint occupation up to N. lat 54º 40'. Wheat describes the map: "In the Upper California portion, Fremont is carefully followed, while further north Wilkes is followed. The boundary (to be) with Mexico is imperfectly shown but Texas appears with the magnified boundaries, including Santa Fe, of the 1844 Emory. The various claims to Oregon appear. The Accompaniment is of particular interest, containing perhaps the clearest statement of Oregon and California facts that came out of the period just prior to settlement of the former's boundaries and inclusion of the latter in the United States." The present Accompaniment with contemporary presentation inscriptions on front endpapers, "Jacob Schwinehart a present from his cousin Abner K. Stauffer of Boyertown Berks County 1850. Forget me not!" and "Mount Pleasant Seminary come and see the great number of happy boys." A 20th century inscription on rear endpaper.  The handsome wood frame was custom made for the lithograph by Aedicule of San Francisco with genuine water gilt gold leafing, plaster and gesso mold design, a completely hand made frame  produced by a graduate of the oldest existing guild in the world , the Amsterdam frame makers guild.

Due to the size and/or weight of this lot extra charges may apply.

Lot Amendments

Some toning to the map, with some of the colors a bit muted; covers lacking lower 1" of spine strip, rubbing to joints and extremities; very good.

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