Lot 7 of 96:
Land speculation archive from old Los Angeles  

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Lot closed - Sold For (Includes Buyers Premium):$16,250
Estimate:
$5,000 - $8,000

Title:
Archive of material pertaining to early Los Angeles development, primarily relating to Richard Garvey, one-time Pony Express rider and Southern California land speculator and developer; Ozro W. Childs, horticulturist, merchant, land speculator, and a founder of the University of Southern California; and others.

Author:
Garvey, Richard; Ozro W. Childs, et al.

Place:
Southern California

Publisher:

Date:
1860's to early 20th century

Description:

Large group of original letters, documents, receipts, checks, account ledgers, deeds, scrapbooks, manuscript maps, and other material relating to Los Angeles, Richard Garvey, Ozro W. Childs, and other pioneer Los Angles land speculators and entrepreneurs.

Significant archive of material relating early Los Angeles and Southern California, largely involving Richard Garvey, a former Pony Express rider who settled in the Los Angeles area in the 1860's, engaged in ranching, horse-breeding and other activities, speculated in land, and became known as the Father of Monterey Park. A mail rider for the U.S. Army following his Pony Express career, his route took him through Monterey Pass, a trail that is now Garvey Avenue, and he settled down in the King's Hills. Garvey began developing the land by bringing in spring water from near the Hondo River and by constructing a 54-foot high dam to form Garvey Lake located where Garvey Ranch is now. The archive, containing material dating from the 1860's to the 20th century, includes:

  • File of approximately 185 letters, both typed and handwritten, most to Richard Garvey from various individuals, some to others on related matters. Most involve business and real estate transactions, primarily in Southern California. Also, receipts, bills, invoices, etc. Housed in five file folders, as purchased from the estate of Richard Garvey, with handwritten copy of the receipt for the purchase of the entire archive for $75 in 1952 on the front cover of one of the folders.  A fascinating and revealing archive dating from around 1875 to 1905, with close to 200 letters relating to Richard Garvey’s business and real estate dealings in the last quarter of the 19th century, and into the 20th. Most of the letters are on business or government letterheads, which are intriguing in themselves. A sampling of the letters: a short typed letter relaying information on sugar beet cultivation, on the back of which is a printed map showing the location of the town of Chino and the Rancho Santa Ana del Chino. * Letter from T. Earley, Real Estate & Mortgage Broker, stating that “Our time has expired on the sale of your ranch and I am sorry that we have not been able to sell more of it…” * “…Mr. Horwood, who has just returned from New Zealand …is desirous of investigating the Souther [sic] part of the state with a view to buying a ranch. I told Mr. Horwood about your place… and of your system of irrigation…” * “We have a beautiful 10 acre piece of Redlands, across the street from New Lyons place, 10 shares of Crafton(?) water stock go with this land. This is a very valuable and beautiful tract…” * “Have you some good land that you would like to exchange for a 6-3/4 acres at Pasadena with six room house good barn & lawn… oranges…” And many more.
  • Scrapbook/binder containing hundred of documents, receipts, account statements, letters, stock certificates, deeds, court proceedings and other material relating to the Los Angeles Canal & Reservoir Company, from around 1869 to 1873. Although Richard Garvey does not appear prominent in the enterprise (O.W. Childs, George Hansen, and John Downey were among the principals), the company, whose property was auctioned off in the early 1870's, undoubtedly relates to Garvey's early real estate dealings. An old handwritten paper label on front cover reads "LA Canal & Reservoir Compy's File 1869." (Worn, rear cover off.)
  • Scrapbook/binder similar to above, with several hundred canceled dividend checks from the Los Angeles Canal and Water Company. 
  • Large manuscript cadastral map on drafting linen, "Map of the O.W. Childs Tract - 200 Lots in the City of Los Angeles, Cal." 66.5x91 cm (26x35¾"). Nearly 70 of the lots have the owner's name inked in, nearly all of them with the last name of Childs - Ozro seems to have been good to his children. O.W. Childs arrived in Southern California arounds 1851, fleeing the foggy weather of coastal Northern California, which aggravated his asthma. He succeeded in business and land speculation, and founded the Farmers and Merchants Bank.
  • Several thousand, perhaps more, canceled checks signed by Richard Garvey, drawn on the Farmers and Merchants Bank. Most from the 1880s and 1890s
  • Ink manuscript "Plat showing the property of Richard Garvey on the North-west corner of Spring and Ninth Sts Los Angeles City, Cal. Surveyed under the direction of S.J. Dockweiler, Jan. 1889." (Foxed, creased, edge wear.)
  • Account ledger titled "Day Book - F.L.R." on front cover, with entries for sales of livestock and other goods to various customers, including E.J. ("Lucky") Baldwin. c.1890-95.
  • Original photograph of a horse, on mount of Parker & Knight, Pasadena, inscribed in ink on the back: "Compliments of 'Lucky' Baldwin, Pasadena California, July 7th, 1905." (soiled, wear, with stain).
  • Abstract of Title to the Rancho Potrero de Felipe Lugo, a grant along the San Gabriel River given in 1845 by Governor Pío Pico to Teodoro Romero and Jorge Morillo. At various times the land, or portions of it, belonged to Nicolasa Workman, Thomas Temple, Richard Garvey, E.J. "Lucky" Baldwin, John F. Cassell, James Durfee, and others, with the myriad, somewhat convoluted transactions, and related court judgements, here recorded in painstaking detail through 1888.
  • Book of stock certificates in The East Alhambra Land, Water and Improvement Company. Certificates 1-33 were sold, with stubs remaining and filled out (Richard Garvey was both a buyer and a seller); certificates 34-41 are not present, but the stubs remain though not filled out; certificates 42-250 remain, unused, still attached. 1888-[89].
  • Metal engraved printing plate for a portrait of Richard Garvey. 25.5x17.5 cm (10x7"). Undated.
  • Book, "California: Its History and Romance" by John S. McGroarty. Special presentation issue inscribed to Richard Garvey and signed by the author on printed leaf at front, bound in full morocco ruled in gilt, spine lettered in gilt, Garvey's name stamped in gilt on front cover, Los Angeles: Grafton Publishing, 1911. (Rubbing to extremities, fading to spine.
  • Nine lease agreements, indenture deeds, and other documents relating to property controlled by the O.W. Childs estate and relations, 1890-1928.
  • Plus a few other items.
Additional shipping charges may apply

Lot Amendments

Condition:
Varying amounts of wear, as may be expected.


 
Item number:
343863
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