Lot 30 of 96:
Japanese internment camp newspaper archive  

Click image to enlarge
Lot closed - Sold For (Includes Buyers Premium):$40,625
Estimate:
$10,000 - $15,000

Title:
Archive of the Topaz Times, the camp newspaper for the "Topaz War Relocation Center" in Millard County in Utah, comprising nearly 200 issues over more than two years

Author:

Place:
Topaz, Utah

Publisher:

Date:
1942-1945

Description:

Approximately 190 issues of the Topaz Times from September 1942 to January 1945. Issued with varying frequency, from daily to weekly or less. Many with accompanying portions in Japanese translation. Illustrations from drawings, many of which are cartoons. Each issue from 2 to about 10 pp., on both sides of mimeographed sheets measuring about 36.5x22.5 cm (14¼x8¾”). Stitched together into monthly groups, or fascicles, with string through small holes in the top margins.

Rare, extensive, and important archive of original issues of the camp newspaper for the Topaz War Relocation Center, which opened in September 1942 and closed in October 1945. Now considered concentration camps, the centers, several of which were scattered across the American west, housed Americans of Japanese descent and immigrants who had come to the United States from Japan. President Franklin Roosevelt signed Executive Order 9066 in February 1942, ordering people of Japanese ancestry to be incarcerated in what were euphemistically called "relocation centers" like Topaz during World War II. Most of the people incarcerated at Topaz came from the Tanforan Assembly Center and previously lived in the San Francisco Bay Area. The articles in the newspapers are concerned mainly with internal camp matters, with much on schools and intramural sporting events, churches and religious activities, camp safety, navigating the camp bureaucracy, births and a few deaths, Nisei soldiers who were either drafted or enlisted into service, job opportunities both inside and outside the camp (some of which were at the Topaz Times itself), and much more. The tone is surprisingly positive and upbeat, though perhaps that can be expected due to overt or implied censorship.
 
The archive comprises:
 
• Pre-issues from September 26 & September 30, 1942. 6 pp. each, the first with a block plan if the City of Topaz, the second with a map of Utah showing the location of the camp (top of map torn/chipped). 
• Fascicle of approx. 7 issues from Feb. 27 - April 28, 1943.
• Fascicle of approx. 9 issues from May 1943.
• Fascicle of approx. 12 issues from June 1943 (some are obviously incomplete, but there are a few supplemental issues or pages).
• Fascicle of approx. 8 issues from July 1943.
• Fascicle of approx. 11 issues from August 1943, with calendar for the month at front.
• Fascicle of approx. 6 issues from September 1943, with calendar for the month at front.
• Fascicle of approx. 12 issues from October 1943, with calendar for the month at front. 
• Fascicle of approx. 11 issues from November 1943, with calendar for the month at front.
• Fascicle of approx. 8 issues from December 1943, with calendar for the month at front, featuring Santa Claus, printed in red and green. (Contents arranged somewhat out of order - completeness even more difficult to verify than for the others).
• Fascicle of approx. 11 issues from January 1944, with color pictorial cover page, calendar for the month within.
• Duplicate separate issue for January 1, 1944, with the same color pictorial cover page, calendar for the month within.
• Fascicle of approx. 13 issues from February 1944, with calendar for the month at front.
• Fascicle of approx. 10 issues from March 1944.
• Fascicle of approx. 15 issues from April 1944.
• Fascicle of approx. 9 issues from May 1944, with calendar for the month at front, illustrated with drawings of the camp buildings.
• Fascicle of approx. 7 issues from June 1944, with calendar for the month at front, illustrated with drawing of a baseball game at the camp, with camp buildings in the background.
• Fascicle of approx. 5 issues from July 1944, with calendar for the month at front, illustrated with drawing of the entryway to a camp building.
• Fascicle of approx. 6 issues from August 1944 (& 1 from April, curiously), with calendar for the month at front, illustrated with drawing of a “Victory Garden” being tended to, with camp buildings in the background.
• Fascicle of approx. 2 issues from September 1944.
• Fascicle of approx. 6 issues from October 1944.
• Fascicle of approx. 6 issues from November 1944.
• Fascicle with approx. 10 issues for December 1944, plus issue for January 8, 1945, with calendars for both months.
•18 additional sheets, comprising whole, partial or supplemental issues from 1943, 1944 and 1945.
 
NOTE: Though most individual issues seem to be complete, some are obviously not, and issues within a month may not be present - the archive is sold "as is" with regard to completeness.
Additional shipping charges may apply

Lot Amendments

Condition:
Expected wear for such an archive, the paper somewhat brittle with toning, edge wear and a few tears and chips, but overall very good.


 
Item number:
330247
Shipping info:

We have a full service shipping department to ensure proper packing and safe delivery of purchases at reasonable cost. We are specialists at packing and shipping books and works on paper.   All lots purchased by the same client are combined for shipping in order to keep the cost as economical as possible.  Our preferred method for domestic shipments is UPS Ground but we can also ship via FedEx, USPS Priority Mail or DHL. We do NOT ship USPS Media Mail under any circumstances.For international orders we select the most appropriate carrier depending on the value and weight of the items purchased.  We are happy to accommodate special arrangements by request.

Invoices are sent out the day following the auction and include a minimum $10 handling fee plus actual shipping and insurance charges.

Shipping estimates can be obtained  by contacting [email protected] prior to the auction.

 

Terms and conditions

CONTRACTS

All accepted bids are contracts and are considered final and non withdrawable.

BUYER'S PREMIUM

A buyer's premium of 25% will be applied to all purchases.

ONLINE BIDDING

The person posting the bids online has to be the person who has registered for the auction.

 

CONDITIONS OF SALE

Property listed in our online or print catalogues will be sold by PB Auction Galleries, dba PBA Galleries, as agent for others subject to the following terms and conditions.  Clients placing bids at auction agree to pay the full purchase price of any lots for which the client is the winning bidder and further acknowledge and agree to these Conditions of Sale.  PBA Galleries reserves the right to amend these by notice or oral announcement at the sale.

1.  All bids are to be per lot as numbered in the catalogue.

2.  PBA Galleries reserves the right to withdraw any property for sale at any time prior to its final sale.

3.   Unless specified, each lot is offered subject to a reserve, generally one-half of the low estimate.  PBA Galleries does not accept reserves of more than the low estimate nor allow consignors to bid on their own items.

4.   PBA Galleries reserves the right to reject a bid from any bidder.  The highest bidder acknowledged by PBA Galleries shall be the purchaser.  In the event of any dispute between bidders or in the event the auctioneer doubts the validity of any bid, the auctioneer shall have sole and final discretion either to determine the successful bidder or to re-offer and resell the article in dispute.  If any dispute arises after the sale, our sales records shall be conclusive in every respect.

5.  The “hammer price” is the price at which a lot is sold or the highest accepted bid at the close of the lot.  The “purchase price” paid by the winning bidder is the aggregate of (a) the hammer price, (b) a buyer’s premium of 25% of the hammer price up to $100,000, plus 20% of the amount above $100,000, and (c) applicable California state and local sales taxes.  California state and local taxes will be collected except where sold to a purchaser outside of California and shipped to the purchaser or the purchaser has a valid California resale license and provides such documentation to PBA Galleries.

6.  Payment terms:  All items are to be paid for by cash, Visa, MasterCard, Discover, wire transfer, cashier’s check, e-check or personal check with approved credit or through Paypal.  Wire transfers are accepted for all international transactions and any domestic transaction over $1000.  PBA Galleries offers a 1% discount on purchases paid by cash, check or wire transfer over $1000 on invoices paid within 10 business days of the sale.  The discount does not extend to shipping and handling charges.  PBA Galleries reserves the right to hold items paid for by personal check until the check has cleared the bank.  Buyer agrees to pay PBA Galleries $50 for any returned check.  Invoices are due upon receipt.  Merchandise is shipped only after full payment has been received. 

7.  Purchases that have gone unpaid twenty (20) business days after the sale are subject to any or all of the following:  (a) late charge of five percent (5%) of the total purchase price per month; (b) cancellation of the sale; (c) rescindment of bidding privileges at future auctions; (d) initiation of legal proceedings to collect the entire debt including original purchase price, late charges, and legal fees and costs to the fullest extent permitted by law; and (e) any other action or actions PBA Galleries finds necessary and appropriate.

8.  Purchases must be removed within five (5) business days of cleared payment unless shipping instructions are received by PBA Galleries.  If not removed, property will be held at the sole risk of the purchaser and no responsibility is assumed if such goods are lost, stolen, damaged, or destroyed. PBA Galleries reserves the right to store unclaimed purchases either in our office storage facilities or a public warehouse at the expense of the purchaser.  Purchaser will be charged 10% of the purchase price/month for storage. PBA Galleries assumes no liability for any damages incurred during storage. 

9.  In order to prevent inaccuracy in delivery or inconvenience in the settlement of a purchase, no lot can be transferred.  Each buyer must pay for the whole of his purchases before any lot can be removed.

10. PBA Galleries has an in-house shipping department and will ship property via UPS, USPS, FedEx, or DHL.  PBA Galleries will not ship via USPS Media Mail.  Total shipping costs include a packing fee, carriage and insurance.  PBA Galleries will not be responsible for any loss of damage resulting from the shipping in excess of the amount of insurance.  Property is shipped only after payment has cleared.

11.  If purchased property cannot be delivered in the same condition as at the time of sale, due to fire, theft, loss or any other reason, PBA Galleries’ liability will be limited to the sum actually paid by the purchaser.  In no event, will compensatory or other damages be included. 

12.  Any and all information provided by PBA Galleries, including all employees of PBA Galleries, in its catalogs, other written or oral descriptions, email or elsewhere are qualified statements of opinion.  They are not intended to represent warranties or representations of any kind or nature with respect to the property or its value, merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, or whether the purchaser acquires any copyrights.  In no event shall PBA Galleries or the consignor be responsible for the correctness of description, genuineness, attribution, provenance, authenticity, authorship, completeness, condition of the property or estimate of value.

13.   Property may be returned by the purchaser, the sale rescinded and the purchase price refunded only under the following conditions:  (1) printed books which prove upon collation to be defective in text or illustration (provided such defects are not indicated within the catalogue or at the sale), and (2) autographs which prove not to be genuine (if this can be demonstrated and if not indicated in the catalogue or at the sale).  Printed books are not returnable for defects not affecting text and illustration, including, but not limited to, lack of half-titles, lists of plates, binder’s instructions, errata, blanks, or advertisements.  No returns will be accepted unless written notice is received by PBA Galleries within fourteen (14) days of the sale of the property and the property is returned in the same condition as it was at the time of the sale.  No lot is returnable on account of property included but not specifically named and described in such lot.  Lots selling for less than one hundred fifty dollars ($150) are sold as final sale and not subject to return for any reason.

14.  As a service to clients unable to attend the Sale in person, we accept absentee bids in advance of the sale by telephone or in writing submitted by email or fax.  All bids must state the highest bid price the bidder is willing to pay.  “Buy” bids are not accepted.  PBA Galleries accepts no responsibility for failure to execute such bids or any errors contained on submitted bid forms.

15.  Photographs, prints and other fine art multiples are sold in compliance with California law and PBA Galleries’ catalogue descriptions of such multiples to the applicable provisions of that law.

16.  SPECIAL NOTE TO NON-US BUYERS: All customs declarations will reflect the full invoice value. Any resultant duties, tariffs and/or taxes are the sole responsibility of the buyer.

17.  Watches are sold as is and it is the responsibility of the bidder to determine condition at the preview. PBA Galleries makes no warranty that any watch is in working order or that any component part is in original condition. Unless specifically described in a lot’s description, a manufacturer’s certificate of authenticity is not available and a manufacturer’s refusal to service or repair a watch due to the presence of replacement parts shall not constitute grounds to rescind a sale. Any repairs that might be required to return the watch to good working order are the responsibility of the purchaser.

All sales held by PBA Galleries are conducted pursuant to Section 2328 of the Commercial Code and Section 535 of the Penal Code of the State of California.